Black Tea - tea that
has been fired or dried after the fermentation or oxidation
period of manufacture.
Blend - a mixture of teas
from different growths, or growths from different areas.
Blender - tea taster who
decides on the proportions of each different tea required
to produce the flavour of a given blend.
Break - an amount of tea,
comprising a given number of chests or sacks of tea.
Broker - a tea taster who
negotiates the selling of tea from producers, or the
buying of tea for packers or dealers, for a brokerage
fee from the party on whose behalf the broker is working.
Caddy - the name given to
a tin or jar of tea which takes its name from the Chinese
Malayan word 'catty' - a term used to describe the weight
of one pound of tea. In the past, tea caddies were equipped
with a lock and key.
Ceylon - blends grown on
the island of Sri Lanka.
Cha - the word for tea derived
from the Chinese and Indian languages.
Cloning - cuttings taken
from old tea bushes to produce new tea bushes. Today,
most tea bushes are grown from clones or cuttings taken
from older bushes.
Dimbula - a tea growing district just
above Dickoya, which gives its name to a blend of Ceylon
teas from this area and is also used in Ceylon blends.
Dimbula teas are black and characterised by their full-bodied
Earl Grey - a black China
tea treated with the oil of bergamot, which gives the
tea a scented aroma and taste. It was said to have been
blended for, and named after the 2nd Earl Grey, by a
Chinese mandarin after the success of a British diplomatic
mission to China.
English Breakfast Tea - a
name for the tea blend which originally applied to China
Congou tea in the United States of America. In Britain
it was a name applied to a blend of teas from India
and Sri Lanka; today it is used to include blends of
black teas producing a full-bodied, strong-flavoured,
Estate - a tea growing property
or holding that may include more than one garden under
the same management or ownership.
Garden - the name originally
given to tea growing plantations or estates. The Japanese
originally cultivated 'tea gardens' within their temples
and palace grounds and had copied this idea from the
Grade - term used to describe
a tea leaf or particle size of leaf.
Green Tea - tea that is withered,
immediately steamed or heated to kill the enzymes, then
rolled or dried. It has a light appearance and flavour.
Gunpowder - normally a China
tea, but today could be any young tea, which is rolled
into a small pellet-size ball then dried. The finished
tea has a greyish appearance, not unlike gunpowder in
colour, which is how the tea gets its name.
Pan-fired - a kind of Japanese
tea that is steamed, then rolled in iron pans over charcoal
Plucking Plateau - the flat
top of the tea bush from which the top two leaf and
bud sprouts on sprigs are plucked.
Pruning - selective cutting
back of the tea bush, so that it maintains its shape
and helps to keep it productive.
Scented Tea - green, semi-fermented
or black teas that have been flavoured by the addition
of flowers, flower petals, fruits, spices or natural
oils. Examples of these are
Jasmine Tea, Rose Puchong, Orange Tea, Cinnamon Tea
or Earl Grey.
Semi-fermented Tea - tea
that has been partially fermented before being fired
or dried. The tea has the qualities and appearance halfway
between a green and black tea.
Single Estate Tea - a blend
of teas from one particular estate or garden.
Smoky Tea - a black tea from
China of Formosa that has been smoked over a wood fire
such as in the case of Lapsang Souchong.
Speciality Tea - a blend
of teas that takes its name from the area in which it
a blend of tea blended for a particular person or event,
or a blend of teas for a particular time of day.
Souchong - a large leaf black
tea. Originating in China, Souchong tea was made from
a small bush whose leaves were allowed to develop to
a very large size.
Tannin - the name the tea
trade worldwide gives to polyphenols contained in tea.
Polyphenols are responsible for the pungency of tea
and give its taste.
Tea Factory - factory where
the plucked leaf is made or manufactured into black
or green tea.
Tea Taster - an expert and
involved in all stages of production, brokerage, buying,
blending and final packaging.
Tip - the bud leaves on a
Twankay - a low grade China
green tea. This word was corrupted to Twanky, which
was applied to the men manning the ships bringing the
tea back from China. These ships often foundered on
reaching the British coast and the bodies of the Twankys
would be washed ashore, to be found by their widows
- hence the name given to the Aladdin character 'Widow
Twanky' by a Victorian impresario.
Uva - a tea growing district
in Sri Lanka which produces a tea of great subtlety.