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  Glossary of Tea Grades
Terms describing the grading of black tea

Pekoe - a whole leaf black tea produced by a medium plucking of the second leaf on the tea bush. The word Pekoe came from the Chinese meaning 'white hair' and was originally applied to early tea pluckings, due to the white down on the backs of the young tea leaf.

Broken Orange Pekoe - BOP black tea comprising smaller leaves and broken segments with an abundance of tips. Can be applied to both Orthodox and CTC teas.

Broken Pekoe – full-bodied black tea comprising broken segments of somewhat coarser leaf, without tip. Can be applied to both Orthodox and CTC teas.

Fannings - small grainy particles of leaf (1-1.5mm) sifted out of better grade teas. Fannings will produce a liquor that is often as good as that of a whole leaf grade – it is a grade which applies to both orthodox and CTC teas. In the orthodox teas, fannings will include broken orange pekoe fannings (BOPF) and golden orange pekoe fannings (GOPF) which describe the amount of tips in a grade.

Flowery Orange Pekoe - can be either whole leaf or broken leaf orthodox black tea with a lot of tip, which gives the tea its finer quality.

Flowery Pekoe - a whole leaf black tea with the leaf rolled lengthwise.

Orange Pekoe - black tea comprising leaf 8 to 15 millimetres long, which has fewer tips than an FOP.

Dust - the smallest particle of leaf size in both orthodox and CTC teas, which is normally used for tea bags, as they infuse quickly with the full flavour and strength coming through the tea bag material.
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